Just some background on the people who covered some of the most important cases in CA history. IMO. Zodiac. Black Panthers. Patty Hearst. Vietnam War. Earons. I strongly encourage anyone to add info to this thread.
This article was very interesting. It gives some background on Avery, but also shows the importance of having an "over the top" flamboyant serial killer in your newspapers distribution area. Is flamboyant the right word? Zodiac with his Lake Berryessa costume and codes, and then Earons with his masks, diamond knots, and questionable sexual prowess.
Paul was from the old breed of reporters," said Frank McCulloch, who hired Mr. Avery three times -- when McCulloch was Time-Life's bureau chief in Saigon in 1967 (Mr. Avery was on leave from The Chronicle) and later when McCulloch was managing editor of the Sacramento Bee and, finally, at the Examiner. "The guy was never happier, never complete as a human being until he was on a big, tough, long story. He lived for that, and he did them superbly."
McCulloch said Mr. Avery, after joining the Bee in 1976, had been instrumental in getting authorities to drop murder charges leveled against a man whom Mr. Avery found had nothing to do with the murder.
Mr. Avery was born in Honolulu and raised in a military family -- his father was a career naval officer. He was educated in Honolulu, Oakland and Washington, D.C., as his father was periodically reassigned by the Navy.
This is from Carl Bernstein. It is specifically talking about Time Magazine, for which McC and Avery went to work in SEA. Please, I am not accusing Avery of being with the agency. Just saying. What was up with the Wisner and Graham suicides?
■ Time and Newsweek magazines. According to CIA and Senate sources, Agency files contain written agreements with former foreign correspondents and stringers for both the weekly news magazines. The same sources refused to say whether the CIA has ended all its associations with individuals who work for the two publications. Allen Dulles often interceded with his good friend, the late Henry Luce, founder of Time and Life magazines, who readily allowed certain members of his staff to work for the Agency and agreed to provide jobs and credentials for other CIA operatives who lacked journalistic experience.
For many years, Luce's personal emissary to the CIA was C.D. Jackson, a Time Inc., vice‑president who was publisher of Life magazine from 1960 until his death in 1964.While a Time executive, Jackson coauthored a CIA‑sponsored study recommending the reorganization of the American intelligence services in the early 1950s. Jackson, whose Time‑Life service was interrupted by a one‑year White House tour as an assistant to President Dwight Eisenhower, approved specific arrangements for providing CIA employees with Time‑Life cover. Some of these arrangements were made with the knowledge of Luce's wife, Clare Boothe. Other arrangements for Time cover, according to CIA officials including those who dealt with Luce), were made with the knowledge of Hedley Donovan, now editor‑in‑chief of Time Inc. Donovan, who took over editorial direction of all Time Inc. publications in 1959, denied in a telephone interview that he knew of any such arrangements. "I was never approached and I'd be amazed if Luce approved such arrangements," Donovan said. "Luce had a very scrupulous regard for the difference between journalism and government."
In the 1950s and early 1960s, Time magazine's foreign correspondents attended CIA "briefing" dinners similar to those the CIA held for CBS. And Luce, according to CIA officials, made it a regular practice to brief Dulles or other high Agency officials when he returned from his frequent trips abroad. Luce and the men who ran his magazines in the 1950s and 1960s encouraged their foreign correspondents to provide help to the CIA, particularly information that might be useful to the Agency for intelligence purposes or recruiting foreigners.
At Newsweek, Agency sources reported, the CIA engaged the services of' several foreign correspondents and stringers under arrangements approved by senior editors at the magazine. Newsweek's stringer in Rome in the mid‑Fifties made little secret of the fact that he worked for the CIA. Malcolm Muir, Newsweek's editor from its founding in 1937 until its sale to the Washington Post Company in 1961, said in a recent interview that his dealings with the CIA were limited to private briefings he gave Allen Dulles after trips abroad and arrangements he approved for regular debriefing of Newsweek correspondents by the Agency. He said that he had never provided cover for CIA operatives, but that others high in the Newsweek organization might have done so without his knowledge.
"I would have thought there might have been stringers who were agents, but I didn't know who they were," said Muir. "I do think in those days the CIA kept pretty close touch with all responsible reporters. Whenever I heard something that I thought might be of interest to Allen Dulles, I'd call him up.... At one point he appointed one of his CIA men to keep in regular contact with our reporters, a chap that I knew but whose name I can't remember. I had a number of friends in Alien Dulles' organization." Muir said that Harry Kern, Newsweek's foreign editor from 1945 until 1956, and Ernest K. Lindley, the magazine's Washington bureau chief during the same period "regularly checked in with various fellows in the CIA."
"To the best of my knowledge." said Kern, "nobody at Newsweek worked for the CIA... The informal relationship was there. Why have anybody sign anything? What we knew we told them [the CIA] and the State Department.... When I went to Washington, I would talk to Foster or Allen Dulles about what was going on. ... We thought it was admirable at the time. We were all on the same side." CIA officials say that Kern's dealings with the Agency were extensive. In 1956, he left Newsweek to run Foreign Reports, a Washington‑based newsletter whose subscribers Kern refuses to identify.
Ernest Lindley, who remained at Newsweek until 1961, said in a recent interview that he regularly consulted with Dulles and other high CIA officials before going abroad and briefed them upon his return. "Allen was very helpful to me and I tried to reciprocate when I could," he said. "I'd give him my impressions of people I'd met overseas. Once or twice he asked me to brief a large group of intelligence people; when I came back from the Asian‑African conference in 1955, for example; they mainly wanted to know about various people."
As Washington bureau chief, Lindley said he learned from Malcolm Muir that the magazine's stringer in southeastern Europe was a CIA contract employee—given credentials under arrangements worked out with the management. "I remember it came up—whether it was a good idea to keep this person from the Agency; eventually it was decided to discontinue the association," Lindley said.
When Newsweek waspurchased by the Washington Post Company, publisher Philip L. Graham was informed by Agency officials that the CIA occasionally used the magazine for cover purposes, according to CIA sources. "It was widely known that Phil Graham was somebody you could get help from," said a former deputy director of the Agency. "Frank Wisner dealt with him." Wisner, deputy director of the CIA from 1950 until shortly before his suicide in 1965, was the Agency's premier orchestrator of "black" operations, including many in which journalists were involved. Wisner liked to boast of his "mighty Wurlitzer," a wondrous propaganda instrument he built, and played, with help from the press.) Phil Graham was probably Wisner's closest friend. But Graharn, who committed suicide in 1963, apparently knew little of the specifics of any cover arrangements with Newsweek, CIA sources said.
In 1965‑66, an accredited Newsweek stringer in the Far East was in fact a CIA contract employee earning an annual salary of $10,000 from the Agency, according to Robert T. Wood, then a CIA officer in the Hong Kong station. Some, Newsweek correspondents and stringers continued to maintain covert ties with the Agency into the 1970s, CIA sources said.
"For most of four of the seven years Robert McNamara was secretary of Defense, I covered the Vietnam War for Time and Life magazines. To say that what we as journalists saw, heard and tried to report from the field painted a different picture of the war than what the Johnson administration, including McNamara, painted for the U.S. public is to carry minimalism to an extreme.
But it wasn't those differences that left the deepest scars. What burned the most, and remains sore today, was the arrogance with which McNamara dismissed our views of how the war was going. Or, if it wasn't arrogance, it was a superb imitation.
On at least two occasions during McNamara's visits to Saigon, I was among the handful of journalists invited to meet with him privately - at his request. "He wants to know not only what you have to say about Vietnam, but why you're saying it," the U.S. Embassy spokesman told us."
Operation Mockingbird. Specifically, the magazine Ramparts.
"In June 1965, Desmond FitzGerald was appointed as head of the Directorate for Plans. He took charge of Mockingbird. At the end of 1966, FitzGerald learned that Ramparts, another CIA backed left-wing publication, had discovered that the CIA had been secretly funding the National Student Association and was considering publishing an account. When the magazine advised the CIA it had “lost control of the information,” and would likely be forced to publicize, FitzGerald ordered a plan to either neutralize the campaign and/or wind-down Mockingbird.
He appointed Edgar Applewhite to organize a campaign against Ramparts. Applewhite later told Evan Thomas for his book, The Very Best Men: “I had all sorts of dirty tricks to hurt their circulation and financing. The people running Ramparts were vulnerable to blackmail. We had awful things in mind, some of which we carried off.”
Ramparts publishing the account in March 1967. The article, written by Sol Stern, was entitled NSA and the CIA. As well as reporting CIA funding of the National Student Association, Stern exposed the wide system of anti-Communist front organizations in Europe, Asia, and South America. It named Cord Meyer as a key figure in this campaign, which included the funding of the literary journal Encounter. Applewhite managed to control some of the account by steering references away from leftist organizations and toward most of the few conservative organizations backed by the CIA. Those organizations named in the article were not ones that could not be linked to Ramparts, itself a CIA proprietary organization."
Edgar Applewhite. Connection to Ramparts, the CIA, Robert McNamara. Applewhite is fascinating. He had a great friendship with Buckminster Fuller. Would McCulloch and Applewhite have met during their work for McNamara?
"After sifting intelligence for two decades, in Germany, Lebanon and elsewhere, he said he never regretted his decision to join the agency. Though one of his daughters recalled being disappointed that her father wasn't a gun-toting James Bond, he did supervise a clandestine tunnel project in Berlin in 1955 that tapped into Soviet military communications being transmitted along underground wires.
His career culminated as chief of the inspection staff and deputy inspector general. In his letter to The Post, he wrote that his "commitment to the organization became more tenuous as the Cold War thawed."
He served briefly as assistant to Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara and retired in 1970. He was awarded the Intelligence Medal of Merit."
Paul Avery worked with Kate Coleman, as seen below.
"Coleman wrote for many hip, sassy west coast magazines such as New West/California, Women’ s Sports, Scanlon's and Ramparts, along with many Sunday magazine sections of national newspapers. But it was her New Times investigation of the Black Panther Party with Paul Avery that established Coleman's reputation as a scrupulous reporter, keen analyst, and gutsy investigator. Coleman has been an all-purpose journalist and writer for many years, as at home in first person humor, sex, sport, and op-ed pieces as she is in feature length profiles of celebrities and notables like Jane Fonda, Michael Douglas, Zsa Zsa Gabor or Rosemary Leary. She has also profiled politicos—Ronald Reagan loyalist Ed Meese, former NOW president Ginny Foat, to name a few—and outsider groups such as the past lives cult favored by thanatologist Elizabeth Kubler Ross. She’s covered issues ranging from women with guns, Prop. 209 (the California affirmative action amendment), and the Oakland school “ebonics” controversy. However, her specialty has been chronicling the left and counter-cultures, to which she has been close enough to dig up good sources, while taking pains to be a fair and accurate observer."
Aria, here is a man who actually liked being known as "EAR". If you notice, he was working for Ed Montgomery, when they discovered Judy's body. Montgomery, who seems to have been a contemporary of Avery's, seems to fit with the Operation Mockingbird activities. Here is a link where he is giving testimony to a senate committee.
This is the Café, so I hope you will forgive this post. It is an excerpt from the above mentioned link to Ed Mongomery's testimony. I am not sure if it says more about "freedom" or the "illusion of freedom".
"The witness testified that the Ad Hoc Committee To End Discrimi- nation had held numerous demonstrations in the San Francisco area during 1964 and early 1965, including a violence-scarred action at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel which resulted in the arrests of 167 persons, 91 of them alleged members or adherents of the Communist Party. According to Mr. Montgomery's eyewitness account, this demonstra- tion was led by Tracy Sims and Michael Eugene Myerson, both of them members of the Communist Party's W.E.B. DuBois Club. Mr. Mont- gomery submitted a detailed listing of people associated with the Ad Hoc Committee's activities. Included in this list were children of Com- munists and notorious fellow travelers, as well as activists in such groups as the DuBois Clubs and Young Socialist Alliance. Among the organizations involved in Ad Hoc Committee activities were the Du- Bois Clubs, Young Socialist Alliance, Student Peace Union, Young People's Socialist League, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commit- tee, Freedom Now, SLATE, SCOPE, and National Committee To Abolish the House Committee on Un-American Activities."
The Mikado is such an extremely odd source for the Zodiac to reference. WAs it the storyline that appealed to him? Or the Japanese setting and culture? Or something to do with the costumes and some relation to BDSM? Was it the "three little maids"? I know some have suggested it a reference to the restaurant. I watched the film the other day. I wish it wasn't in B&W. To think that Avery just gets to Sac and then, imo, a serial rapist begins is a very strange coincidence. Especially since the costumes resemble what Zodiac wore at the Lake Berryessa crime. And then to think that it was McCulloch who lived so close to the attacks and lobbied to have the publicity ban lifted. So it doesn't seem that the newspapers were part of a cover-up. but why didn't McCulloch have Avery cover it? And lastly, if Zodiac's only connection to Avery was through the newspaper, reading his columns, how in the world could he have ever misspelled Avery's name? Z was either a complete idiot, which doesn't seem to have been the case, or he misspelled it on purpose. It was not as if it was a silent letter, like an extra "V" or an "E" before the "Y". It added an extra sound to the name. Did Zodiac perhaps know people named Averly, and was used to saying that name? Was Z insulting Avery by saying he wasn't important enough to have his name spelled right? Did it possibly have something to do with Asian accents? Can anyone suggest what the modern day equivalent of the Mikado would be?
Katisha: Alone, and yet alive! Oh, sepulchre! My soul is still my body's prisoner! Remote the peace that Death alone can give — Katisha: Alone, and yet alive! Oh, sepulchre! My soul is still my body's prisoner! Remote the peace that Death alone can give — My doom, to wait! my punishment, to live!
Hearts do not break! They sting and ache For old love's sake, But do not die, Though with each breath They long for death As witnesseth The living I! The living I! """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" He sobbed and he sighed, and a gurgle he gave, Then he plunged himself into the billowy wave, And an echo arose from the suicide's grave — "Oh, willow, titwillow, titwillow!" """"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""" 'peek a boo you are doomed !'
Just something to add about the Mikado and the Occupation of Japan. I wonder if someone who liked the Mikado would also have liked the female impersonators of the time?
"performances of THE MIKADO at the Ernie Pyle Theatre? They were spectacular, even covered in LIFE magazine and supposedly in STARS AND STRIPES. But I can’t get full access to the latter’s archives to verify. My Japanese mother, who is now 84, performed alongside the American singers in this opera. It was the first time it was performed in Japan, having been previously banned for poking fun at the Emporer. She cherishes that experience and has fond memories of the American artists she worked with. It would be wonderful to find another reference to that spectacle. We have managed to get the LIFE magazine issue featuring many photos of the show. We would welcome any information you might have. "
These are discrepancies in the Zodiac pattern. The pic is of the 2nd and 3rd parts of the 408 cipher. The 3rd is the one sent to the SF Chronicle where McCulloch and Avery worked. My opinion is that the 3rd part was changed. Either by Zodiac or by someone before it was printed. It is interesting that the same patterns occur in the unsolved Zodiac cipher.
How could Avery get a job at the Sac Bee and then not work on the Ear case??? Did he work on it behind the scenes?
McCulloch was the managing editor of the Bee in '76 when Avery was hired if I remember correctly and was doing him a favor. Avery was canned at the Chronicle for alcohol and apparently "lifestyle" issues but I think he had already transitioned to more of an author / feature writer than an expose / investigative writer. The Patty Hearst / SLA book was already written.
I find it interesting that Avery is one of the main characters in the 2007 Zodiac movie that was based on Graysmith's book and also is one of the catalysts in the recent Zodiac book by Gary Stewart. Graysmith and Avery apparently had little to no interaction with each other when at the Chronicle ( unlike the movie portrayal ) and Stewart states that the "Ice Cream Romance" story that appeared in the Chronicle with Stewart's father ( the Zodiac dontchaknow ) and soon-to-be underage bride was written by Avery ( there was no by-line and no record in the paper's files ) and thus created this vendetta against Avery. I would say that even after death, it appears that Avery's persona is still up to interpretation by Hollywood and money whore writers if they can get some mileage out of him.
From Spartacus. Forget about the connection to JFK. What interests me is that the CIA was using these cryptonyms for editor/reporters in the US. It is fact that there was a CIA operation going in Miami. If one were to take the pattern of that operation and place it on the San Francisco Chronicle, with Avery and McColluch as the editor/reporters, what would it look like? Dont forget that Avery and McColluch worked together in Vietnam.
"Talbot argued that AMCARBON was the cryptonym that the CIA used to identify friendly reporters and editors who covered Cuba. Talbot found a declassified CIA memo dated 9th April, 1964 that showed that the CIA’s covert media campaign in Miami aimed “to work out a relationship with [South Florida] news media which would insure that they did not turn the publicity spotlight on those [CIA] activities in South Florida which might come to their attention...and give [the CIA’s Miami station] an outlet into the press which could be used for surfacing certain select propaganda items.” (CIA Document)
Don Bohning later admitted: "I have obtained the document about the JMWave relationship with the Miami Herald and references to AMCARBON-2, AMCARBON-3, etc., etc. As you noted, it is very confusing but it seems quite clear to me that AMCARBON-2 was probably Al Burt, my predecessor as Latin America editor at the Miami Herald. I have no idea who might have been AMCARBON-1 or Identity, 2, etc. even what they refer to. I also have obtained documents that clearly state that I was AMCARBON-3, something I was not previously aware of." (6)
In this effort, Rose contacted several CIA-linked reporters, among them, Donald Bohning, CIA's AMCARBON-3. "AM" stood for Cuba; "Carbon" was that CIA cryptonym for its writer assets. Bohning, who became the Latin American editor for Miami Herald, an Al Burt doppelganger, lunched weekly with CIA's Jake Esterline, one of the reluctant engineers of the Bay of Pigs operation. Bohning had received his Provisional Covert Security Approval as a CIA confidential informant on August 21, 1967, then Covert Security Approval itself on November 14th. On July 31 st, the DDP himself approved the use of Bohning in the CIA's Cuban operations.
Bohning informed Esterline of Rose's visit on March 28, 1968. A "Winston Smith," working for Jim Garrison, was looking into the activities of Rolando Masferrer in 1963, before the assassination. Rose was attempting to identify certain Cubans who had appeared in photographs. He was leaving for Biafra to fight as a mercenary next month."
Bohning declined to help Jim Rose. Later he found other journalists of his acquaintance had also been contacted, but with Rose using the name "Carl McNab"[sic]. "I use many different names for different purposes," Rose explained to Bohning when next they met. "I used to have still a different war name with the Company." That was "Carl Davis."
Out of curiosity, has anyone checked to see if the Paul Avery family or the DeAngelo family were ever stationed together? Both Paul and JJD were children of career Navy fathers. JJD was in Vietnam from 65 to 68. Sacramento from 76 to 79 He had ties to San Francisco
Avery was in Vietnam from 66 to 69. moved to Sacramento just as the Ear crimes began in 76.
Avery's father was from Ledyard NY, just 43 miles from Bath NY.
cherylh: A problem with some internet crime researchers who blame a lot of crimes on their favorite murderer: When DNA results come out identifying the actual killer, they quietly delete the entries on that particular crime.
Jan 13, 2021 18:27:50 GMT
cherylh: Since the emergence of DNA familial tracking, this has been seen on numerous websites. It doesn't speak well for the objectivity and honesty of the researchers in question.
Jan 13, 2021 18:28:40 GMT
cherylh: It's key to remember that for every mistaken murderer ID, a real murderer isn't being identified. And sometimes defense attorneys use these weak theories in their courtroom arguments -- to convince juries that internet "experts" identified other suspects.
Jan 13, 2021 18:32:05 GMT
elir: For people supporting MurderInc's continued presence here - what do suggest we do? Allow MurderInc to call members morons if they disagree?Give MurderInc an exemption from harassing and mocking people that s/she doesn't like?
Jan 14, 2021 1:56:52 GMT
elir: Tried giving short breaks to cool down and the cycle went on and on, if anything he/she pushes back more, challenging me to do something. MurderInc is good at data mining, no question. How do we manage the behavioral component? I am open to suggestions
Jan 14, 2021 2:00:21 GMT
f1guyus: The internet is where you can find all the great works of art, music, and literature. You can visit foreign lands, read and see history and find your family history. Or you can see pictures of cute kittens and pick fights with strangers. Your choice.
Jan 15, 2021 17:55:24 GMT
goldrusher: It is difficult to find happiness within oneself, but it is impossible to find it anywhere else - Arthur Schopenhauer
Jan 15, 2021 18:14:52 GMT
magnumforce73: "You make people afraid, and that makes You dangerous."--Vera Bloom as "Sarah Belding" in HIGH PLAINS DRIFTER, 1973.
Jan 15, 2021 21:16:41 GMT
magnumforce73: "It's what people know about themselves ON THE INSIDE that makes 'em afraid."-- The Stranger, Lago, CA, c. 1870s.
Jan 15, 2021 21:17:26 GMT
pod: I don't look at kitten pictures ever. Honest. Not ever. Nor puppy pictures. Who wants to look at puppy pictures? Not me, sir. Definately not.
Jan 15, 2021 23:52:24 GMT
elir: Deep thoughts, all.
Jan 16, 2021 7:23:17 GMT
nowhereman: everyone watch that Night Stalker documentary on Netflix... I wasn't familiar with that much of the details it was very good. basically from the perspective of the main detectives so you get a feel of how difficult it was to identify him
Jan 18, 2021 15:54:29 GMT
nowhereman: I'm old enough to remember no internet, the internet is an awesome thing but it can also be a cesspool. It's like a major city...there's all these cool neighborhoods and resturants but then some other places you better watch your back
Jan 18, 2021 15:56:01 GMT
sammyt: The Night Stalker documentary was really good. I didn't know that Ramirez had so many additional victims.
Jan 18, 2021 17:16:14 GMT
sammyt: How were we ever arguing that EAR could have been versatile in terms of MO and victimology? Ramirez was already proof such an offender could exist. Ramirez was a killer, and also a rapist, and also a child abductor.
Jan 18, 2021 17:19:08 GMT
sammyt: His victims included children, couples and the elderly. Ramirez committed home invasion murders and rapes, but also street murders and abductions.
Jan 18, 2021 17:24:31 GMT